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Not really. The SRM is basically the darkeness, or how much white light is absorbed when passing through, but it doesn't tell you which specific colors are being absorbed. You could have a very red beer with the same SRM as a brown beer and they would not look the same at all.
See the article here for pictorial examples: http://blog.brewingwithbriess.com/defining-wort-colors-red-malts-vs-black-malts/