Late Hop Additions and Hop Oils in Beer Brewing

by Brad Smith on January 21, 2013 · 19 comments


A trend in modern brewing is the greater use of late steeped hop additions for many styles. These include steeped hop additions, whirlpool hops, use of a hop-back and even dry hopping. Surprisingly, most of these late additions are not done to increase bitterness, but instead to exploit hop oils which play a significant role […]

Better Beer with Late Malt Extract Additions

by Brad Smith on February 20, 2008 · 22 comments

malt extract

Today we look at a method for malt extract brewers that can improve the quality and color of your extract beer. Both liquid and dried malt extract beers suffer from an effect called a Maillard reaction as well as carmelization when brewing. A Maillard reaction is a chemical reaction that occurs between amino acids and […]